Mangrove mudflats and roots systems embodies a solution for global warming and climate change. This solution is the capacity of mangroves in atmosphere carbon sinking and provides life support system being a part of global food web that gives sustainable living for people by eradicating hunger..
Mangroves are costal ecosystems consisting trees and shrubs that grow in coastal habitats of the tropical and subtropical regions. These ecosystems are bound and grow in inter - tidal coastlines, mudflats and river - bank in association with the brackish water margins between the land and the sea. Mangroves have much environment adaptation and useful in both climatologically, ecologically and economically whilst they are being destroyed by human activities such as aquaculture, coastal based industries and unsustainable harvestings. According to Forest department little over 15000he of mangroves areas are remained with 22 species of mangroves in Sri Lanka and some of mangroves are highly tolerant in atmosphere carbon sinking. It was assessed that nearly 6000he of Sri Lanka mangroves have cleared for shrimp farming and other commercial purposes, without assessing the ecologically, economically and climatologically expanded natural services of mangroves. This is actually one third of the mangroves cover in the island. The economic return of this clearance was less and ecological disaster was very high.
Nowadays, natural disasters have encompasses our lives. “We do not know that, in next few seconds we will die due to hurricane or Tsunami, even floods or tornados. Before we die, our postmortems had also been released. These postmortems are indicated due to our action, atmosphere carbon has increased and as retaliation, the nature has revenged from us.” The Small Fishers Federation (Sudeesa) has realized this world catastrophe with Seacology supported mangrove conservation programme and trying to be a small partner by conserving mangroves as global solution for global warming and hunger. Therefore mangroves must be replanted and communities must be involved in rehabilitation process of vacant mangrove lands and conservation. It was recorded nearly 3885he of mangrove cover was deforested by encroachers and illegal cutting down. These hazards must be stopped and reforested again. In this connection major mangrove conservation drive has been organized by Sudeesa and planned to produce 500000 seedlings in coming years to replant in 14 coastal districts under the financial support of Seacology, USA. The Ministry of Mahaweli development and Environment and The Ministry of Fisheries and Aquatic Resource Development with related departments and corporations and also all the Government Agents and their of 14 coastal Districts came forward to provide facilitation for this joint effort.
Small Fishers Federation (Sudeesa)